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Condoms

How it works

  • Made of very thin latex (rubber), polyurethane (plastic) or polyisoprene (synthetic latex)

  • Put over the penis when it is erect (hard)

  • Prevents sperm entering the vagina

 

Advantages

  • Protects against STIs (the only form of contraception that does this)

  • If used correctly is about 98% effective i.e. 2  in 100 women using the contraceptive patch (Note: with typical use its about 82% effective i.e. 18 in 100 get pregnant in a year)

  • No serious side effects

  • Additional spermicide (kills sperm preventing them from reaching an egg) is not needed

 

Disadvantages

  • Must be used every time you have sex

  • Can interrupt sex

  • May slip off or break during sex if its the wrong size or not used correctly making it less effective

Condoms are the only form of contraception that protect against STIs and should be used alongside the other forms of contraception. Now lets explore the two types of condoms available!

Male condoms

Female Condoms

How it works

  • Made of soft thin polyurethane (plastic)

  • Loose plastic covering lines the vagina

  • Prevents sperm entering the vagina

 

Advantages

  • Protects against STIs (the only form of contraception that does this)

  • If used correctly is about 95% effective i.e. 5  in 100 women using condoms get pregnant in year (Note: with typical use its about 79% effective i.e. 21 in 100 get pregnant in a year)

  • No serious side effects

  • Additional spermicide (kills sperm preventing them from reaching an egg) is not needed

 

Disadvantages

  • Must be used every time you have sex

  • Can interrupt sex

  • Need to ensure the penis stays inside the female condom

  • The condom can be pushed into the vagina