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Intrauterine device (IUD)

How it works

  • Small, copper T-shaped device, inserted into the uterus by a doctor or nurse

  • Non-hormonal

  • Causes sperm to die before reaching an egg

  • Lasts 5-10 years (but can be taken out sooner)

 

Advantages

  • Over 99% effective i.e. less than 1 in 100 women with an IUD will get pregnant in a year

  • Works as soon as it is put in

  • Fertility returns immediately after stopping use 

 

Disadvantages

  • Periods can be heavier, last longer or be more painful 

  • Insertion can be uncomfortable 

  • Very small chance of infection in the first 20 days following insertion